Through the observation of human physiology and pathology, TCM studies the physiological functions and pathological changes of human visceral, and the theory of the relationships between them. This is called the Visceral Manifestation Theory.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, the three major schools of Chinese philosophy, have different influences on the establishment and development of the TCM theory. Seen from the cultural origin, Taoism has the closest relationship with TCM.
The meridian and collateral theory is a great finding of TCM and is also an important component of the TCM theory. It is not only a complete theory, but also very specific and effective in the application of diagnosis and treatment.
The theory of TCM is rooted in the continuous summary of medical experience and the Five-element Theory of ancient China, which believes that man and nature are one unity, namely, “harmony between nature and man” or “correspondence between nature and man”.
Health preserving means the way to live a long life. Although different schools have different ways of health preserving, they share the same primary purpose.
The ancestors of the Chinese people originally inhabited in China’s Yellow River Basin, which therefore served as the origin of TCM. A legend goes that “Shennong tasted one hundred herbs…… experienced 70 kinds of poisonous herbs in one day”,
Daoyin is a kind of traditional Chinese physical exercise focusing on “regulating qi for harmony and stretching the body for flexibility “, specifically realizing harmonious qi and blood circulation of viscera and building flexible bones and muscles through certain breathing and physical exercises.
Peng Zu, a macrobian, was honored as the earliest ancestor of chefs due to his superior skills in cooking. Yi Yin, prime minister of the Shang Dynasty, and also a good chef and doctor, once wrote The Chart of Decoction Principle which contained many TCM prescriptions.
Only by correct diagnosis can the treatment be effective. In ancient China, TCM doctors, lacking medical instruments, could tell the changes of viscera inside the human body by observing the external physical parts, according to the theory of TCM.
It is widely acknowledged that the discovery and application of medicinal plants and herbs started with Shennong. It is recorded in the Huainanzi•Xiuwu (Necessity of Training) written in Han Dynasty that “To let his people know what plants can be eaten and what water can be drunk,