Chinese traditional festivals are various in forms and rich in content, Which makes up of a part of Chinese long history and culture. Among these, as an important and main content of traditional Chinese festival culture, diet plays an irreplaceable role. In our traditional festivals,
Chinese New Year
Broadly speaking, the Spring Festival begins from Small Year (Xiao Nian) and ends at the Lantern Festival. In such a month-long period, people will be immersed in the happy atmosphere of celebration and entertainment.
The Chinese calendar is not exclusive to China, but followed by many other Asian cultures. It is often referred to as the Chinese calendar because it was first perfected by the Chinese around 500 B.C.. In most of East Asia today, the Gregorian calendar is used for day to day activities,
The Lantern Festival, a grand traditional festival which usually falls on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, is another important festival after the Spring Festival. In many places, people regard Chinese New Year’s Eve as the beginning of the Spring Festival season and the Lantern Festival as the end.
According to the Chinese traditional way of numbering the years, a whole year could be divided into four seasons. The eleventh and twelfth lunar month was called “Dong Yue” and “La Yue” which are the coldest time of a year. While the first month of the Lunar New Year, known as “Zheng Yue”, means the coming of spring, which is regarded as the head of seasons.
The last night of the last lunar month is New Year’s Eve. It is time to bid a farewell to the past year as it is followed behind by New Year’s Day or the Spring Festival (The first day in the first month of the lunar year). New Year’s Eve falls on 29th or 30th due to a fact that there are 29 or 30 days in the last lunar month. But whether on 29th or on 30th, the day is generally entitled as “the Eve”.
In the world, there are still many other countries celebrating the Spring Festival and they are mainly located in Asia. These nations have been influenced by Chinese culture and the Spring Festival is on the list of lawful holidays. While in Europe and America, only overseas Chinese observe the tradition.
Dragon dance, also known as dragon lantern dance, is an important part of unique Chinese folklore celebrations. From the Spring Festival to the Lantern Festival, dragon dance shows could be seen everywhere in towns and cities.
No any other festival in China could be so important like the Spring Festival. Chinese predecessors left a lot of historical literature to it. In the folk culture, there are so many legends which are interesting and colorful, enriching the cultural connotation of the Spring Festival.
All things take on a new form in spring. The Spring Festival celebration means for folks a new beginning of life. When Chinese New Year is on the way, people are busy with washing, cleaning, and shopping. Pasting couplets and door god portraits are among these important New Year activities.